Birender Yadav was born in Ballia district, in a predominantly rural province of Uttar Pradesh, India. He came from a family of coal miners, his father worked as a blacksmith at the coal mines of their province. Yadav was the first to step out from his family and pursue formal higher education. He first did his Bachelor of Fine Arts from the Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, graduating in 2013. After this, Yadav qualified for a Master in Fine Arts (specialisation: Painting) from the College of Arts, New Delhi in 2015.